Some of you may have heard Michael mention a volcano which sounds like “Crack-A-Towel volcano” when he says it. What he’s referring to is the 1883 eruption of Krakatoa on an island in Indonesia, and it is incredible.
At 11:32 on October 30th, 1961, the Russian government detonated “Tsar Bomba”, the single most powerful device ever created by man. This hydrogen bomb exploded with a force 14,000 times more powerful than the bombs that ended WWII in Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Tsar Bomba was so powerful it broke windows in Finland over 430 miles away from the test site. That’s like having an explosion on the other side of Montana break your windows in North Dakota!
Now get this… Tsar Bomba was only one-quarter as powerful as the eruption of the Krakatoa volcano.
When Krakatoa erupted, it did so with so much force that it literally disintegrated the island it was on, forming a caldera that was 820 ft deep.
It ejected so much ash and debris into the surrounding area that it created 2 new islands made from volcanic ash. The shockwave from the explosion traveled around the world 7 times before dissipating. Two sets of tsunamis rocked the world as far away as the English channel. The first was from compressed water due to the initial shockwave of the explosion, and the second was from tectonic activity of the eruption itself.
In the year after the eruption the average temperature of the entire world dropped 2 degrees due to the increase in sulfur dioxide in the air which changed the color of sunsets for years afterwards, and eventually fell back to the earth as acid rain.
Yeah, volcanoes are cool.